*Photo by James Harrison on Unsplash*

Operators perform Mathematical, String, and Logical operations on values. Operands are expressions on which operations are performed.

Python operators, in general, are used to performing operations on values and variables.

Consider a simple expression 6 + 9 = 15. Here, 6 and 9 are called **operands**, and '+' is called an **operator**.

In this article, we will look into different types of Python operators with their syntax and we shall see them with examples.

## Types of Operator in Python

- Arithmetic Operators
- Comparison / Relational Operators
- Logical Operators
- Assignment Operators
- Bitwise Operators
- Identity Operators
- Membership Operators

### Python Arithmetic Operators

Arithmetic Operators can be used to perform operations like Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Division, and more

Now, let's see a couple of examples of the Arithmetic Operators below.

#Arithmatic Operator - Python

x = 9

y = 6

#Addition

print("Addition of x and y is: ",x + y)

#Subtraction

print("Subtraction of x and y is: ",x - y)

#Multiplication

print("Multiplication of x and y is: ",x * y)

#Division

print("Division of x and y is: ",x / y)

#Modulus

print("Modulus of x and y is: ",x // y)

#Power

print("x to the Power y is: ",x ** y)

#OUTPUT:

Addition of x and y is: 15

Subtraction of x and y is: 3

Multiplication of x and y is: 54

Division of x and y is: 1.5

Modulus of x and y is: 1

x to the Power y is: 531441

### Python Comparison Operators

The Comparison Operators can be used to compare values. It will return either

**TRUE**or**FALSE**based on the condition.Now, let's see the examples for Comparison operators below

#Comparison Operators - Python

x = 9

y = 6

#Equal to

print("x equal to y: ",x == y)

#Greater than

print("x is greater than y: ",x > y)

#Lesser than

print("x is lesser than y: ",x < y)

#Greater than or equal to

print("x greater than or equal to y: ",x >= y)

#Lesser than or equal to

print("x lesser than or equal to y: ",x <= y)

#Not equal to

print("x not equal to y: ",x != y)

#OUTPUT:

x equal to y: False

x is greater than y: True

x is lesser than y: False

x greater than or equal to y: True

x lesser than or equal to y: False

x not equal to y: True

### Python Logical Operators

Python logical operators perform Logical AND, Logical OR, and Logical NOT operations.

Now, let's see few examples on Logical Operators below,

#Logical Operators - Python

x = True

y = False

#AND

print("x and y is: ", x and y)

#OR

print("x or y is: ", x or y)

#NOT

print("not x is: ", not x)

#OUTPUT:

x and y is: False

x or y is: True

not x is: False

### Python Assignment Opertors

Python Assignment operators can be used to assign values to respective variables.

Now, let's see few examples below,

#Assignment Operators - Python

a = 10

# Assign value

b = a

print(b)

# Add and assign value

b += a

print(b)

# Subtract and assign value

b -= a

print(b)

# multiply and assign

b *= a

print(b)

# Divide and assign

b /= a

print(b)

# Modulus and assign

b %= a

print(b)

# Exponent value assignment

b %= a

print(b)

#OUTPUT:

10

20

10

100

10.0

0.0

0.0

### Python Bitwise Operators

Bitwise operators act on bits and perform bit-by-bit operations. They are used to operate on binary numbers.

Now, let's see some examples below,

#Bitwise Operators - Python

x = 15

y = 6

# Bitwise AND operation

print(x & y)

# Bitwise OR operation

print(x | y)

# Bitwise NOT operation

print(~x)

# Bitwise XOR operation

print(x ^ y)

# Bitwise right shift operation

print(x >> 2)

# Bitwise left shift operation

print(x << 2)

#OUTPUT:

6

15

-16

9

3

60

### Python Identity Operators

Python offers few special type operators, Identity operators are one among them.

Identity operators like

**'is'**and**'is not'.**These are used to check if two values are located on the same part of memory.Now, let's see few examples below,

#Identity Operators - Python

a = 10

b = 20

c = a

print(a is b)

print(a is c)

print(a is not b)

print(c is not a)

#OUTPUT:

False

True

True

False

### Python Membership Operators

Pythons other special type operators, Membership operators.

**'in'**and

**'not in'**are membership operators, used to test the variable or values are in a sequence.

Now, let's see few examples below

#Membership Operators - Python

x = 'Python World!'

y = {1:'p',2:'r'}

print('h' in x)

print('Python' not in x)

print(1 in y)

print('r' in y)

#OUTPUT:

True

False

True

False

## Conclusion

We had seen Python Programming Operators, which will help understand Python better moving forward.

Hope you found this article useful. Happy Coding!

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